Wednesday, December 23, 2009


Hello fellas!

This year has been very exciting for me, I hope that also was exciting to you as well. My wish for this next year is that this blog gets a better template LOL!! a one that suits much better. I also have to say that after all the great achievements in science and many other achievements in other areas as well, it has been a very special year for me. In many aspects of course, but talking about me and and how special was this year to me, is not the subject in this post. I have to say something very important in this post.

The invention of Christmas eve... a celebration of cheerful and lovable dinner, received gifts and a lot of wine! Is intend to make people happy, to remember good memories, to decorate, to sing and play music and carols, to write postcards to our friends and family and wait for Santa to receive the most waited gifts.

But we have to remember the ones that don't have presents to receive, a family to cheer greetings , cloths to put on, and a house to live in. I dedicate this post not only to the people that reads my blog ones in a while or to the ones that just passes by for curiosity to see my blog ; but to the people who don't have access to internet, a computer to learn, families under pain because they had a very important lost in their families, to the poor who is in need and is under war circumstances, to the soldiers fighting in Afghanistan for their country and mainly for those poor children who are starving and struggling for their lives.

Therefore, this post is specially for them.

P.D: I really hope you guys have an enjoyable Christmas, and I wish you the best in this holidays!!

Saturday, November 21, 2009

The "turn on" of the LHC

I guess many of you have witnessed via any source of network communication, media, or newspaper that yesterday, Friday the 20th of 2009 the CERN started to operate the LHC, the world's largest and higher-energy particle accelerator.Physicist really hope that this outstanding machine will help answer fundamental questions about physics today, like moments after the Big Bang, supersymmentry, the famous Higgs boson called the "God Particle" and any evidence of other dimensions. Now, the experiment which constitutes of many other experiments such as ATLAS, CMS, LHCb and ALICE is successful.... this means according to the Wikipidia.... :0)

"....a single Higgs boson may be produced every few hours. At this rate, it may take up to three years to collect enough data to discover the Higgs boson unambiguously. Similarly, it may take one year or more before sufficient results concerning supersymmetric particles have been gathered to draw meaningful conclusions"

O.O Well, that wasn't hard enough to understand. After all the accidents that the LHC been through, like this one or this one I can now relax, lean on my chair and follow CERN from twitter :oP specially to wait for some conclusions for the next 3 years HAHAHAHA! (I won't stay on my chair for 3 years! Doh!)

Now the most intriguing part of the LHC is that those conclusions can help our technology, like computers spacecraft and I guess medicine too. Imagine that we get a to discover the Higgs Boson! well that actually could help us in the understanding of our universe and therefore many quantum problems involving technology such as Quantum Computers can be more sophisticated. How? I certainly don't know i'm not a computer scientist LOL but my point is that knowing more about the universe can help us a lot for a Warp drive, Teleportation , nanotechnology, Dark matter, Dark energy and String Theory and it derivatives.

In the meantime before all of this happens we must wait .....Ahem! 3 years for conclusions LOL soooo.. the only thing I can like a said before lean on my chair and follow CERN on twitter HA!

Sunday, November 8, 2009

Clarification of causes and effects of the universe and humans

With regard to human beings:

The Law of Cause and Effect is a law of life that many people do not take into account, and that is really the most important to achieve good results in all aspects of our lives.

The Law of Cause and Effect is also known as the Law of Consequence, remuneration or compensation. The Law of Cause and Effect is a law that works well on all levels and brings the realization that everything we sow, both in thought, word and action. This means that everything we do sets in motion a cause and it brings a consequence, positive or negative, depending on the cause putting into motion. There is no chance, good luck or bad luck, just results.

With regard to the physics:

In physics, the term describes the causal relationship between cause and effect, and is central to all the natural sciences, particularly physics. In general terms, causality can be studied from several perspectives: the philosophy of computing and statistics.

The principle of causation posits that all-around event-effect should always have a cause (which, in identical circumstances, a cause always has the same effect is known as the "principle of uniformity"). It is used to search for defined laws, which assign to each cause a corresponding effect.
This principle reflects a mechanical behavior of nature, which until the twentieth century had been accepted and performed in a deterministic sense. However, early this century introduced its Heisenberg uncertainty principle, that profoundly altered the classical principle of causality.

Heisenberg and other parents of quantum mechanics introduced a model of the atom that abandoning the classical vision of a compound of particles and waves. It was concluded that it was doomed to failure any attempt to draw analogies between the atomic structure and our intuition about macroscopic objects. The mathematical formulation of the theory of Heisenberg was initially called matrix mechanics, because it required the use of arrays of classical linear algebra. This formulation was up to the mechanical wave, the Austrian physicist Erwin Schrödinger.

Using this mechanical energy levels or electron orbits are described in probabilistic terms: in general, for the same cause is due not always the same effect, but there are a variety of possible effects. Only one can predict (although, in principle, with a total reliability deterministic) the likelihood that, if the cause is, occurring every one of the effects.


The cause and effect in relation to man and with the science of physics are completely different. The cause and effect in our lives are events that cause us either through our thoughts, words and actions, or in relation to what are strewn with all of the above. But in the end physical cause and effect are not words or thoughts or actions in relation to what is strewn with the above. Think that based in multi verses...the physics itself explains the causes and events therefore physics can explain an equilibrium in every universe. Imagine that you are a time traveler that manages to go to the past, you will actually go to the past of another universe with the same conditions than your universe, but is a whole different universe because nature manages that if you go to the past you won't go to your own past and change the future, so when you manage to make a bifurcation in the river of time, every action you toke in the past of your universe won't alter the past of the other universe because it wasn't your past, so if you go to the past and you kill your grandfather you won't be actually killing your grandfather, you would be killing another persons gradfather in another universe which could be or couldn't be your paralel grandfather. why? because the physics points to an equilibrium of each event . So every action you might take that would violate this equilibrium at the same time will violate the laws of physics and the universe will manage to make it stable again.

An example: imagine that in your time life you witness a terrorist attack to a ship, many people die, now you discover time travel, you go back to the past to catch the dude of the bomb and kill him, you kill the man who putted the bomb in the ship but than you see that the ship sinks and again, many people die. You manage to go again to the past to figure out why did the ship sunk, you discover that it was a hole that the ship had so you fix it, but this time when you get out of the ship you die. But actually the guy who die was your future "you" not yourself. So actually the future you changed, the course of time made a bifurcation in the river of time and the old river just vanishes and the new river continue. So every action you take that might violate the course of physics at the same time physics finds a way to stable the violation to its equilibrium.


(this article is highly patented)

Wednesday, October 14, 2009

Boldness, God and Science

I have to admit that this past few days I have been having some interesting discussions about what is going on in bold science today.

Although I'm not a scientist or I'm not studying Physics (Which i will in the future), I have been reading a whole bunch of books and articles about Science, studied mathematics by my own and I'm person that needs a rational explanation about nature itself. I agree that I still need more education to at least debate something about science, but I want to discuss something that should be debate.

Not long ago, I had a great conversation about God with one of my cousins. He strongly believes that the theory of evolution is a completely fake, because we humans are made on gods image. I strongly disagree on that because we don't really know what's the image of god itself.

During the conversation we talked about different subjects like, robots, spirits, demons, mind control and many other stuff. we specially talk about spirits and demons. The great part of that subject is that he claims to believe that such things actually exist, spirits, demons, belzebu etc... namely that even thou he claims to have seen spirits or that even his house have been haunted, I still don't believe that such things actually exist.

The particular reason of why I don't think such mythologist beliefs exist is because even that we may not have an explanation in some supernatural event, there is always going to have a breach to question it. There for a simple and rational explanation will appear. Such things like spirits can't exist because we don't know what god or whatever it is that created the universe, is planning, doing, thinking and dreaming. In particular it seems that actually god is made upon our own image HAHAHAHAHAH!

The people with such beliefs of spiritualism doesn't realize that every demon, every spirit, every supernatural event, every exorcist, every witch, every pseudoscience, every close minded, are based in the thoughts of the human mind since the beginning of religion. Every kind of mystic being or religion and every kind of mystic belief without a rational explanation of such mystic being or event are just a mind control of masses. I think that all of this mystic things that had been around since centuries are pure business, they make others be blind folded to avoid any medical treatment with this great excuse "god is just testing you to see if you are prepare to go to heaven" The religion itself can make some money out of that belief. I strongly belief that innocence about science is the worst crime today.

Which in particular that should be debated in justice. But the majority of those kind of religions, cases where some religions have gods called Eminen, Shakira or President Obama. Are more punished than the church of Christianity itself. Not that I have something against christianity.

The faith that this people have are completely wrong inside a numerous factors of beliefs, per example the ethical faith still struggling against the spiritualist religions. And not just that but also the willing of not wanting to belief that we don't know what god is! and they prefer to have faith in the bible!...instead of faith in one self and the ethics that the humans created. Let's say I believe that at some point in ethics you really don't know what god is!!!... instead of believing that!! they belief that in some point you have to have faith in the bible, Jesus Christ and God itself.

That actually my friends is not fair this occurs because in my opinion every minute you pray, every minute you think that being clement is actually going to give you points to go to heaven are just avoiding you to see the reality of life itself. That reality is that every day there is people dieing on the streets, there are wars that haven't been avoid, there are killers, cowards, braves, and every thing you can think of, that they do claim for a piece of heaven but they don't seem to have the same luck that some other people have. Ins't that unfair? why not everyone goes to heaven? do they have the fault of not going to heaven? or they just didn't had faith in god or had some special problem that actually some person couldn't handle. Why the preachers and believers in religion thinks that god sent his own son down to earth to do the work for god? I thought that god could do everything!

I think faith is very important but depends in what kind of faith you belief, if is good for yourself and for others that is good faith, but if is good for yourself and god! is not good because one is being selfish with oneself by not accepting the pure reality of things. we have to take action to secure humanity. What we cannot do is to stay put and pray to god to save us.

Why do believers actually feel honored that he/she sent Jesus to earth? was it because god is so full of love that he/she decided to take a vacation?

Don't really know... but I have to admit that even thou this people exist I can't help to respect there believes, aether way science and religion are almost the same story the only problem is that from the part of science we don't accept religion to be close minded and for the part of religion they don't accept science to be open minded.

Wrote by Alan Cedeno

Saturday, October 3, 2009

Stephen Hawkings has tossed aside the Mathematics professorship at Cambridge University

Photograph: Murdo Macleod

Article from||Articulo de: Ian Sample

Without fanfare or ceremony, the most celebrated scientist in the country (England), Stephen Hawking, quietly stepped down this week from the most prestigious post in British physics.

Hawking's successor as Lucasian professor of mathematics at Cambridge University will be decided by committee this month, but as he moves on, leading physicists warn that Britain risks losing the next generation of great minds.

Government pressure on universities is diverting researchers away from purely intellectual problems and on to sure-fire money-making projects, physicists say. The university's role of pulling in and nurturing deep thinkers will be sidelined in favour of people who can turn profits by making better widgets.

The shift from "blue skies research" to more practical problems will turn gifted students with the potential to be the next Hawking or Sir Isaac Newton off science for good, physicists claim.

The Lucasian chair has been held by some of Britain's finest scientific minds. The tradition began in 1630 with Isaac Barrow, who founded the mathematical tools of calculus. Newton took over in 1669, and was followed by names such as Charles Babbage, the father of the computer, and Paul Dirac, recipient of a Nobel prize awarded for discovering antimatter.

Neil Turok, a leading theoretical physicist who worked with Hawking at Cambridge before leaving for Canada last year, said focusing on industrial applications of science and commercialisation risked ending Britain's history of world-class thinkers.

"Giving up on that tradition of deep intellectual discovery in favour of immediate economic benefit is a huge mistake. You lose the gem of creative, insightful, long-term thinking. That is what Britain has done so spectacularly in the past, and to give that up is a tragedy," Turok said.

The science minister, Lord Drayson, led calls this year for the research budget to be spent on projects most likely to bring money into Britain. The main funding body for physics, the Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), is reviewing research it supports with a view to giving priority to projects most likely to benefit the economy.

"The government is putting a lot of emphasis on applied research and that sends a message to young people that they don't value the big questions in science," said Brian Foster, head of particle physics at the University of Oxford. "But it's the big questions that get those people excited and into science in the first place. There is a real danger of killing the goose that lays the golden egg."

In May, an Institute of Physics survey of 800 students found that 90% had been inspired into science because they wanted to do pure knowledge and curiosity-driven work in quantum theory, nuclear physics and astrophysics.

"Most students want to be the next Newton, Dirac or Hawking," Turok said. "They want to think for themselves on really foundational problems. Physicists are paid barely sustenance wages for working their socks off on really hard problems. You can't then go and tell them what they should be working on. You mustn't confine the best minds."

Earlier this week, physicists learned that the STFC will give grants for projects for only one year, not the usual five, and that a £30m black hole in budgets will hit basic research hardest.

A principios de esta semana, los físicos se enteraron de que el STFC dará subvenciones para proyectos para un solo año, pero no los cinco habituales, y que un agujero negro de 30 millones de libras en los presupuestos golpearan a la investigación básica bastante duro.

"The legacy of great British physicists is at risk. If these cuts go ahead, it will cause carnage inside the major research universities and Oxford is one of them. We will very likely see physics departments close, and the prospect is bound to make good students go elsewhere," said Foster.

Source:Ian Sample, science correspondent, Friday 2 October 2009 22.35 BST

Monday, September 28, 2009

The source and evolution of religion within the rationality of humans

This essay will try to briefly explain the source and essence of religion. Before we start our analysis a few concepts on the different forms and characteristics of religions must be introduced. Monotheism is the belief in only one god and polytheism the belief of more than one god as the being(s) superior to the soul or spirit. The only god or the most important one is believed to have created and control the universe.

Polytheistic and monotheistic ideas are considered an evolved form of animism.

The opposition to monotheism or polytheism is pantheism. Pantheism is the idea that god is the universe itself and not a separated entity. Meanwhile deism is the idea that god as a separated entity created the universe but does not communicate to people or spirits. This in theism is the idea that god (or gods) as separated entities communicate with people and spirits.

By atheism we refer to the idea that god (or gods) does not exist and there are only the laws of physics.

On the other hand agnosticism is the idea that nothing can be said about the existence of god (or gods).

Unlike atheists or pantheists, agnostics do not deny the existence of god (or gods) they just avoid making any theories about it. Finally spiritualism is the belief that life after death does exist and materialism is the belief that life after death does not exist.

After this brief review of the main concepts we will start analyzing how religion has evolved. The most ancient form of religion developed by humanity is called animism. This was based on the idea that not only people, but also animals, plants and nature objects have soul or spirit which survives death. The worship of these spirits is the most basic form of religion. Old animism did not include the concept of god (or gods) but most modern animism contains either pantheistic or deist ideas. The idea of a human spirit started as an explanation for dreaming (temporal death) and death (eternal dreaming). It was reinforced lately by the idea of life after death. Nevertheless animist ideas started as a human explanation for diseases and nature phenomena.

Later on time we could see the development of a more advanced form of religion called shamanism. This is the name of the practices of a shaman as a healer and magician. It is based on animism, being the shaman the connection with the spiritual world. Nomadic people (hunters, gatherers and pastoral) practiced shamanism. As people become sedentary (agricultural) religion evolves to create an organized priesthood and separates itself from medicine and other practices. After that the figure of the shaman disappears or loses its importance. This is the time when religions start becoming more organized institutions and set of ideas. The more ancient of the modern world religions are the so called Indian and Chinese religions. Later on arrived the so called Abrahamic religions.

The so called Indian or Dharmic religions are the religions originated in India, i.e. Hinduism and Buddhism. Hinduism has always been polytheistic and Buddhism is agnostic, however both believed in the concepts of rebirth and karma. The idea of rebirth originated in the Indus Valley civilization (ancient Dravidians) before the arrival of the Aryans. However both the ancient Dravidians and the Aryans were polytheistic. Hinduism is the mixture of the Ancient Dravidian and the Aryan religious beliefs. Karma is a concept developed within Hinduism. However karma is a concept common both to Hinduism and Buddhism. This is that the effect of past thoughts and actions continues during subsequent lives. Hence Karma has a moral approach. Another way to call the law of karma is the law of cause and effect, i.e. it essentially means that what goes around comes around.

Buddhism originated when Buddha wanted to “purify” Hinduism by making it more like the original Dravidian religion (i.e. no caste system and more social equality) and by incorporating a solution for the continuous process of death and rebirth by achieving Nirvana. Nirvana or more correctly said the search for Nirvana or enlightenment in Buddhism attempts to break the life-death cycle (rebirth) and becoming one with the universe, this is to be absorbed or become part of the outer universe. Moreover according to Buddhists, Nirvana means to stop the rebirth cycle by reaching perfection. However in a more pragmatic approach, Nirvana is just life auto realization and is always perfectible. Hence it is indeed basically a continuous process of self-improvement and evolution. Nirvana is attained through the practice of the Buddhist law. The path to Nirvana is based on practice of compassion and no attachment. The last goal is self-realization and happiness.

We can see how strongly related to the idea of karma is the concept of Reincarnation, also known as rebirth. According to this idea although rebirth is always a choice for any spirit, the opportunity is not easy to get and is always based on karmic conditions. As a matter of fact many spirits might need to rebirth in more primitive planets or dimensions than earth because of karmic conditions. They might eventually rebirth on earth again and after that in more advanced planets or dimensions if they qualify.
Another aspect of Buddhism concerns the idea of Cosmic Realms, i.e. the mental states in human life according to Buddhism. Most Buddhist texts simplify them into nine basic mental states, though they recognize many more. These states are a reminder of how we should not think or behave if we want to enter the path to Nirvana, and of course to avoid all the negative responses that we will get from these actions and thoughts, i.e. karma. Traditional Buddhism also portraits these states as dimensions where people can rebirth.

The so called Chinese religions are the religions originated in China, i.e. Taoism and Confucianism. In the past like today people in China were polytheistic and believed in afterlife. Taoism started as a philosophy based on the Lao Tze philosophical writings -Tao Te Ching-. Combine with local beliefs it evolved into religion and Chinese medicine. On the other hand Confucianism originated in the writings of a bureaucrat called Confucius. He wrote extensively about the ideal form of government and society. Like Lao Tze, he did not intend to create a religion. The incorporation of his beliefs into laws and customs combined with local beliefs evolved into religion. Although both religions are currently polytheistic, the original Taoism is still considered pantheistic and orthodox Confucianism remains agnostic. Neither religion deals with the idea of life after death.

Hence the original Taoism is the no polytheistic but the pantheistic one. The basis of Taoism is the idea of Tao (also known as the Way), which is difficult to explain. A near explanation would that Tao is the cosmic or universal order. However Taoists mention how difficult is to try to describe the Tao and just try to experience it. Another important concept is the idea of Ying and Yang as the only forces shaping the universe. In the universe there are always neutral or mixed forces or energy along with pure positive and negative forces or energy (i.e., Ying and Yang). Furthermore it is important to emphasize the idea of universal change since no matter, force or energy -be it positive, negative or mixed- remains like that forever. The only permanent thing in the universe is change. Also the idea of passivity and acceptance of the Tao is not exclusive to Taoism. It happens in all religions, i.e. passivity and acceptance of god’s wishes or people’s destiny. However the main difference with Taoism is that acceptance of the will of the universe is not a moral concept, but a natural and more philosophical concept. This makes it very different from other religions, like the ones with human-created laws of morality (supposedly given to the “prophets” by God) implying that therefore these are god’s wishes or people’s destiny.

The Tao or Way is attained through the belief and practice of the fundamentals of Taoism. The last goal is self-realization and happiness. It is simply to be in harmony with the universe or cosmic order and to improve our energy (Chi). The Way looks for the joy of life and “active inaction”. This means to take control of your life through accepting things just as they are and trying to do the best out of them. The idea is that if things must be changed, they will be eventually, but first we must accept them as they are. The so called Abrahamic religions are Christianity, Islam and Judaism, the three only major monotheistic religions. They all believe in the existence of a personal human-like God. The name comes from Abraham, the first known monotheistic religious leader and considered the founder of Judaism, from which Christianity and Islam originated. Before him the Jews were polytheistic, like everybody else in that time. Abrahamics believe in the idea of life after death, but not in rebirth or karma.

In Christianity the goal is the search for salvation. Salvation is attained through the practice of the Gospel. This is essentially to imitate Jesus life and behavior as describe in the Gospel. This includes the practice of compassion, unselfishness, humbleness and especially an unconditional love for God, also known as the Lord or the Father. The final goal is self-realization and happiness. Christians believe that the only god judges all sins and has the right to absolve them. They also believe that the only God is the creator of the universe and the father of Jesus. Hence Jesus is not just another prophet but Gods own son. In addition God is the only that can forgive sins and judge people, especially on weather they will go to heaven or hell after death. Judaism and Islam are similar to Christianity in many aspects and beliefs but strongly disagree with it in the rejection to the idea of Jesus as Gods son, as according to them God cannot have any sons or children whatsoever. In addition both the Torah and the Koran include rules and norms for almost anything in life while the Gospel does not and leaves more gaps open to self discretion. This is due to Jesus disdain for everything “earthly” and a major emphasis on the “heavenly”. As a result Christianity has evolved as a more tolerant religion that the other two.

Finally we must consider the beliefs of the atheists. They claim the nonexistence of God. Their argument is that if you blink to the idea of the nonexistence of God, then look at the way humanity has approached the idea of God throughout the times. The concept and characteristics of God in primitive times is not the same as the later Jewish God, and even the Jewish God characteristics differ from the later Christian God, which also differs from the Muslim God. According to atheists every man or religion creates its own God (or gods). Hence people decide what kind of God they want and then the concept of him will change as people change and evolve. Atheists believe that the idea of God we have today is different than the idea of God we have say one thousand years ago, and will be different one thousand years from now. Furthermore in closer analysis every person has her own concept of God. Every person’s concept of God is not only different but usually reflects individual characteristics and personal ideas that keep changing throughout the person’s life. Hence this is strong evidence, atheists say, that somehow we all create our own God (or gods). In other words our idea of God is only the reflection of in what level of psychological and sociological evolution we stand–which are changing. So they claim why should anybody accept the characteristics of God that someone else has created? Who was Abraham, Jesus, Mohammed or anybody to decide how God was? It was their God. But for example Buddha never mentioned God explicitly, only Nirvana. Here atheists attack again by questioning who is to say that Nirvana is the only way to self-improvement? In the same order of ideas atheists question other beliefs. For example Hindus say we are condemned to reincarnation. But who is to say that we are condemned to reincarnation? Their final conclusion is that men has created and create religions and after all since they were just men, all religions are faulty. They claim that the idea that man created God and not the other way around is proved by the many different and always changing psychological and sociological definitions of God. That is why our God changes and evolves as our personality evolves and as society evolution affects our own conceptions and personal evolution. However the more open minded atheists acknowledge that all main religions show a way to self development and self improvement, but it is important to find the path to happiness and self realization that really fits our interests and goals in life. It can be in the Christian, Jewish, Muslim, Buddhist, Hindu, Taoist or any other path, but we must be happy and fully satisfied with it, otherwise there is no purpose in having such religion unless we just want to be victims of absurd fanaticism and superstition.

Another idea of the atheists is the concept of survival instinct sublimation (SIS). SIS is based on the concept of the need of humans to believe that there is life after death, even though there is no scientific proof of that. They claim this is supposed to happen because human beings as rational creatures have sublimated the survival instinct that is actually present in all irrational creatures. Since we normally are not exposed to life threatening problems as animals do, forcing them to develop certain physical evolutionary mechanisms for survival, we have canalized this instinct into a desire for living permanently. Hence the idea of life after death or “eternal life”, and also the equivalent idea of reincarnation or “rebirth”.
Finally, although not the goal of this essay is to explain the difference between philosophy and religion. Philosophyis simply a framework of ideas - too often an intellectual exercise that contains no motivation to cause the observer to act. This is not to detract from the fine efforts of my favorite philosophers. I personally enjoy serious philosophy (Wittgenstein, Russell and others). But there is a clear distinction between the philosophical endeavor and religion. Religion is the transformation of philosophy into behavior. It is the adherence to a framework of ideas so strongly that we cannot look upon the world without consideration of them.

Cesar Ramos, ph.D in Economics

Thursday, September 24, 2009

Water in the Moon!!!!

BUZZZZZZZZZZZ!!!! Hello guys! I just thought that even if I told you that I wasn't going to write anything until next week I couldn't retrieve for this last post of the week. The great great great news are the NASA has finally found water on the Moon! yeah! not only in Mars but now in the Moon, right next to us. Isn't that cool!!! I bet it is!! well people i'm so happy that I could tell you this. here is the link to a couple good stories about it, I thought you should read this storyand here is the BadAstronomer story. If you like you can go to NASA for more information.

Tuesday, September 22, 2009

A Place For Science in Proceedings

Hello, This week I won't be posting any updates because I have proceedings for my U.S Visa Interview. On Monday of next week I will be back with new updates.

Saturday, September 19, 2009

Mouse cells controlled by light

Image from:
Mice! who doesn't hate them? an animal going under the nickname "disgusting bacteria-laden" a terrorist little bastard who toddles around and leaves his excrement all over the place! infecting everything! Now, namely what the fellows of UCSF researchers have genetically encoded mouse cells to respond to light. This little creature aren't just a carrier of bacteria, but now they respond to light. At least the good thing about this, is that whenever you turn off the light of your house, you might enconter a lighting-mice in the dark.

This discovery in my opinion its a serious advance in science, even though the scares and screems that can cause this little creature are absolutely horrible. If you find yourself in the night, like per example if you going to the bathroom in the middle of the night, the great advantage is that if you want to kill the little F&%$! you can find him rapidly armed with a broom.

Not only this discovery can help you during the night, but like the article said, it can safe you from darkness.

Sometimes I ask myself, why do we blame so much this little creature when they help us discover new things in medecine? Our ignorance sometimes clouds our common sense and makes us think the worst scenarios with this little creatures. But precisely the horrible scenarios is what perhaps makes researchers to find new answers for new or incurable diseases.

Friday, September 18, 2009

Scary Music Is Scarier With Your Eyes Shut | La musica de Miedo da Mas miedo con los ojos cerrados

We all know that scary music is scary when our brains associates the music with a terrible image, but recent studies says that listening scary music with your eyes shut can actually be scarier. This discovery might have the answer for some brain diseases like Alzheimer or Parkinson as strange as it sounds.

Todos sabemos que la música que da miedo, da miedo cuando nuestros cerebros asocian la música con una imagen terrible, pero estudios recientes dicen que escuchar música de miedo con los ojos cerrados puede te puede aterrar mucho mas. Este descubrimeinto puede que tenga la respuesta a algunas enfermedades cerebrales como el Alzheimer o el Parkinson por mas extraño que suene.

Thursday, September 17, 2009

Radiation an Issue To Make it to Mars | Radiacion un Problema Para Llegar Marte

Wow! defenetly NASA is working hard in the problem of going to Mars, now things seem to get much more complex, not only the budget isn't enough to think cutting the projects to send astronauts to Mars, but the insidious threat of space radiation in the form of galactic cosmic rays could keep astronauts confined much closer to home. According to Newscietist article things isn't going to get much more easy.

Wow! definitivamente NASA esta trabajando duro en el problema de ir a Marte, ahora las cosas parecen ponerse mas complejas, no solo el presupuesto es insuficiente para cortar los proyectos para enviar astronautas a Marte, pero los indicios de la amenaza de la radiación espacial en forma de rayos cósmicos galácticos puede que mantengan a los astronautas mucho mas cerca de casa. De acuerdo con el articulo de Newscientist las cosas no se van a poner mas fáciles.

Source: Newscientist

Wednesday, September 16, 2009

Creating or destroying entropy in a small system | Creando o destruyendo la entropia de pequeños sistemas

The second law of thermodynamics forbids a decrease in entropy of an isolated system. However, in statistical mechanics this strict prohibition is softened to a probabilistic statement, which allows transient decreases in entropy to occur with a small probability. The likelihood of such fluctuations is vanishingly small in macroscopic bodies, but in smaller systems, such as a stretched DNA molecule, they can actually be observed.

La segunda ley de la termodinamica prohíbe una disminución en entropia en un sistema aislado. Sin embargo, en mecánica estadística esta prohibición estricta se ablanda con una declaración probabilistica, en el cual permite un disminución trascendente en la entropia para que ocurra en una pequeña probabilidad. La probabilidad de tal fluctacion es evanecentemente pequeño en cuerpos macroscopicos, pero en sistemas pequeños, tal y como una molécula de ADN estirada, ellas en realidad se pueden observar.

This possibility has motivated recent work on fluctuation theorems, which compare the probability of a system reducing its entropy (over short times) in out-of-equilibrium processes to those in which the entropy increases. In a paper appearing in Physical Review E, Arnab Saha of the S. N. Bose National Center For Basic Sciences in Kolkata, India, and Sourabh Lahiri and Arun Jayannavar, of the Institute of Physics, in Bhubaneswar, India, build on this work and study the total entropy produced in a simple system that is driven out of equilibrium. They model a Brownian particle in a harmonic trap and consider the change in entropy when a time-dependent external force is applied to the particle, or the trap itself is moved in an arbitrary manner.

Esta posibilidad ha motivado a los trabajos recientes sobre la fluctuación de los teoremas, los cuales comparan la probabilidad de un sistema de reducción de la entropía (en tiempos cortos) en fuera de equilibrio a los procesos en los que la entropía aumenta. En un artículo que apareció en la revista Physical Review E, Arnab Saha de la SN Bose Centro Nacional de Ciencias Básicas en Kolkata, India, y sourabh Lahiri y Arun Jayannavar, del Instituto de Física, en Bhubaneswar, India, basará en este trabajo el estudio de la entropía total producida en un sistema simple que es expulsado de equilibrio. EN el cual ellos crean un modelo browniano de partículas en una trampa armónica y consideraran la variación de entropía cuando un tiempo-dependiente es la fuerza externa aplicada a la partícula, o la trampa de la misma se mueve de manera arbitraria.

In nonequilibrium steady states, the detailed fluctuation theorem relates the probabilities of observing entropy changes of equal magnitude but opposite sign. Saha et al. show, somewhat surprisingly, that the Brownian particles also obey this theorem even in the nonstationary, transient regime, provided the system is prepared in equilibrium.

En estados constantes de no equilibrio, la detallada teoría de fluctacion relaciona las probabilidades de observar los cambios de entropia que misma magnitud pero de signo opuesto. Saha et al. muestra, de alguna manera sorprendente , las partículas Brownianas también obedecen este teorema aun en estado no estacionario, régimen transigente, siempre que el sistema este preparado en el equilibrio.

These and other advances given in this paper should stimulate the analysis of thermal fluctuations in small systems, and their application in determining free energy differences.Ron Dickman

Este y otros avances dados en este papel el análisis en fluctuaciones termales en pequeños sistemas, y su aplicación en determinar diferencias en energía libre.- Ron Dickman

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Tuesday, September 15, 2009

First Detailed Photos of Atoms | Primeras Fotos Detalladas De Atomos

We know that an electron is impossible to see it in its exact position and its exact velocity,but unlike electrons, Atoms are much more easy to detect, they are made from sub atomic particles such as electrons, protons and neutrons. Scientist have been struggling to see an atom's internal structure directly from many years,and of course, the only way that scientist could see it were to map out a material's atomic structure in a mathematical sense, using imaging techniques.

Sabemos que un electrón es imposible de observar en su posición exacta y su velocidad, pero a diferencia de un electrón, los átomos son mucho mas fáciles de detectar, ellos estan hechos de partículas sub atómicas como electrones, protones y neutrones. Científicos lucharon para lograr observar la estructura interna de un átomo directamente durante varios años, y por supuesto, la única manera que los científicos pudrieran verlo es mapeando la estructura del material atómico en un sentido matemático, usando técnicas de imagines.

Ukrainian researchers at the Kharkov Institute for Physics and Technology in Kharkov, Ukraine. Have manage to see directly the structure of a real atom.

Investigadores Ucranianos en el instituto de física y tecnología de kharkov, en kharkov, Ucrania. Han descubierto la manera de ver la estructura de un átomo directamente.

Monday, September 14, 2009

I,Robot can Become Real | Yo, Robot puede Ser Real

An interesting post in how the progress in Artificial intelligence is doing just came last month about how machines can make ethical decisions.

Here is the orginal paper. (Click here)

Un articulo interesante sobre el progreso de la inteligencia artificial acaba de aparecer este ultimo mes, en como las maquinas están aprendiendo a hacer decisiones éticas.

Aqui esta el documento original. (Cliquea aquí)

Richard Dawkins and Carl Sagan: Will the universe become the next religion? | Richard Dawkins y Carl Sagan:¿Acaso el universo sera la próxima religión

Here is some about popularizer of Science Carl Sagan along with Evolutionary Biologist Richard Dawkins, answering and questioning about Religion and the Universe in one particular subject. This is an article I found from The Daily Galaxy from Casey Kazan.

Aquí encontré algo sobre el divulgador de la ciencia Carl Sagan junto con el Biólogo Evolucionista Richard Dawkins, respondiendo y cuestionando acerca la Religión y el Universo en un solo tema en particular. Este es un articulo que encontré en el The Daily Galaxy de Casey Kazan.

(Article translated in Spanish, for English click here)

En su clásico en el lugar del planeta tierra en el universo, Pale Blue Dot, Carl Sagan se pregunto como es que ninguna religión importante a mirado a la ciencia y allá dicho " Esto es mejor que lo que pesamos. El universo es mas grande que lo que nuestros profetas hayan dicho,grande, mas sutil, mas elegante. Pero en vez ellos dicen, "No. no. no! Mi dios es un dios pequeño, y yo quiero que se quede de esta manera."

Carl Sagan soñaba con un mundo en el que una nueva religión que destacó el asombro y la admiración y la magnificencia del universo tal como se revela por la ciencia "podría ser capaz de sacar adelante las reservas de reverencia y temor no aprovechado por las religiones convencionales."

En una vena similar, biólogo evolucionario Richard Dawkins debate al físico Lawrece Krauss (" La física de Star Trek") pregunta y responde alguna de las grandes preguntas sobre religión y nuestra existencia en la tierra.

Un enfoque clave en el impacto de Darwin y "El origen de la especies" en el pensamiento moderno. Dawkins es el "Charles Simonyi Professor of the Public understanding of Science" en Oxford University. He first came to prominence con su libro en el año 1976 "El gen egoista", el cual popularizo en vista el gen-céntrico de la evolución e introdujo el termino "meme" en el léxico. En 1982, el hizo una contribución muy citada a la ciencia de la evolución con su teoría, presentado en su libro The exteded phenotype, eso efecto phenotipico no se limitan al cuerpo de un organismo, sino que pueden extenderse en el medio ambiente, incluyendo en los cuerpos de otros organismos. El desde entonces a vendido bastantes libros populares "best-seeling", y apareció en varios programas de televisión y radio, sobre biología evolucionaria, creacionismo, y religión incluyendo El Gen Egoísta, River Out of Eden, y el mas reciente,Destejer el arco iris y El espejismo de Dios, un best-seller del New York Times.

Dawkins se ve el mismo como un " religioso no creyente" en el cual su carrera a girado en el punto de visa de Darwin en el cual todo se "producido por leyes actuando sobre nosotros" descrita con tanta energía en el Origen de las Especies:

"Así, desde la guerra de la naturaleza, desde la hambre y la muerte, el objeto mas exaltado el cual son capaces de concebir, a saber, la producción de los animales mas altos, los sigue directamente. Hay grandeza en esta concepción de vida, con sus tantos poderes, de haber inspirado originalmente en unas cuantas forma o en una; y eso, mientras este planeta a ido girando acorde con la ley fija de la gravedad, desde lo tan simple un comienzo de fines de formas mas hermosas y mas maravillosa han sido, y han sido, evolucionada"

Casey Kazan

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